Here are some of the most common minor risks and complications that can arise from orthodontic treatment: 1 toothache and minor discomfort, 2 scratches and ulcers, 3 gum infection, 4 enamel demineralization, 5 root shortening, 6 dental vitality. Orthodontics has the potential to cause significant damage to hard and soft tissues. The most important aspect of orthodontic care is to have an extremely high standard of oral hygiene before and during orthodontic treatment. It is also essential to treat any carious lesions before starting any active treatment.
Root resorption is a common complication during orthodontic treatment, but there is some evidence that, once the appliances are removed, this resorption stops. Some of the risk indicators for root resorption are summarized. Soft-tissue damage includes that caused by wire arches, but also the more terrible potential of helmets to damage the eyes. It is essential that appropriate safety measures are included with this type of treatment.
Root resorption is a shortening of the roots during the placement of braces. Sometimes, this will be nothing more than a slight dullness of the tips of the roots and will not cause any long-term problems with those teeth. More rarely, some patients may experience a shortening of half or more of the root. This could significantly affect the long-term health and stability of the affected teeth.
Although the exact cause of this isn't fully understood, wearing braces for a long period of time (more than 2 to 3 years) seems to increase the chances of this happening. Many orthodontists take initial, intermediate, and final x-rays of treatment to determine if any root resorption occurred during treatment. In the short term, dental appliances can interfere with the way patients chew food. In particular, the small spaces around the teeth created by braces provide a place for food particles to be trapped and thus cause a deposit of plaque and bacteria.
Diet can also play an important role in reducing the risks of dental appliances. It can help reduce the intake of sugary and starchy foods, as they can contribute to the formation of plaque and, consequently, to tooth decay. Sticky, hard foods that can stick to braces or break them should also be avoided. After considering each of these risks, a conceptual framework is presented to help doctors better understand how orthodontic risks arise and, therefore, how they can be mitigated.
The risks of orthodontic treatment include periodontal damage, pain, root resorption, devitalization of the teeth, temporomandibular disorder, tooth decay, tooth decay, speech problems, and enamel damage. While there are risks associated with orthodontic treatment, and while some may cause significant problems if they occur, the likelihood of them occurring is low. This review examines some of the possible risks of orthodontic therapy along with its evidence base. Of course, you should always consult an experienced orthodontist to learn about the risks and limitations specific to you.
Finally, regular checkups with the orthodontist help ensure that your teeth and gums stay healthy and allow for timely interventions when needed. Experience shows that patients who cannot maintain a healthy oral environment without fixed orthodontics will fail spectacularly with orthodontic appliances in place. Consultant Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Leeds Dental Institute, Clarendon Way, Leeds, LS2 9LU. Clearly, there are several sources of possible iatrogenic damage to the patient during orthodontic treatment.
We haven't reviewed this area in detail in this section, since it's covered in the Facts and Fantasy section in the next one, but an excellent overview of the relationship between orthodontics and the occlusal relationship has recently been published. Allergy to orthodontic components intraorally is extremely rare, however, studies have been conducted on the release of nickel and the corrosion of metals with fixed appliances. We talk a lot about the incredible benefits of orthodontic treatment, benefits that go beyond cosmetics and extend to the field of general health. Should any of these problems arise, your orthodontist can prescribe appropriate treatment to reduce pain and irritation, and help heal tender spots.